Turkish Martyrs’ Cemeteries

Türk Şehitlikleri

In total, there are 78 Turkish Martyrs’ Cemeteries in 34 foreign countries. The farthest Turkish martyrs’ cemeteries are in Japan, South Korea and Myanmar, while Azerbaijan, Cyprus and Ukraine has the most Turkish martyrs’ cemeteries.

A few Turkish Martyrs’ Cemeteries or Martyrs’ Monuments are build as memorial to Ottoman soldiers who died in foreign or conquered territory.

However, the majority of the Turkish Martyrs’ Cemeteries are build in memorial to the soldiers who died during or after captivity in World War I. The Ottoman State fought on the Caucasian, Iraqi, Sina- Palestinian-Syrian, Yemen, Hijaz, Suez, Canakkale, Galician, Macedonian, Romanian, Iranian and Libyan fronts during World War I. However, The Ottoman State and its allies were overwhelmed and experienced a great loss in this war. To our great sorrow, hundreds of thousands of soldiers were killed and held captive. The martyrs who were killed in the frontiers were buried where they died. Those who were held captive – mostly by the English and the others like the Russian, French, Italian, Romanian and Italian- were taken to captive camps, and passed away there. After the war, based on different international treaties notably Treaty of Lausanne, 54 Turkish Martyrs’ Cemeteries were built in 26 countries where the war took place or Turkish captives were taken to. Of these Martyrs’ Cemeteries, 36 are in the areas where the war took place while 18 are in the areas where our soldiers were held captive.

Additional Turkish Martyrs’ Cemeteries or Martyrs’ Monuments were build in the Republic era after the Korean War (1950-1953), Cyprus peace operation (1974) and 2016 Turkish coup d’état attempt.

Albania / Shqipëria / Arnavutluk

> …

Algeria / الدزاير / Cezayir

> …

Austria / Österreich / Avusturya

> Mogersdorf Turkish Martyrs’ Memorial

Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Azerbaycan

> Baku Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Fatmayı Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Gobustan Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Göyçay Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Mastaga Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Neftçala Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Nakhchivan Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Salyan Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Shamakhi Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Bosnia – Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Bosna – Hersek

> Monument to Fatih Sultan Mehmed’s soldiers

Bulgaria / България / Bulgaristan

> Varna Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Cyprus / Κύπρος / Kıbrıs

> Larnaca Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Czech Republic / Česká Republika / Çek Cumhuriyeti

> Hodonin Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Pardubice Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Valašské Meziříčí Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Egypt / مَصر / Mısır

> Alexandria (Shatby) Cemetery and War Memorial
> Cairo War Memorial Cemetery

France / France / Fransa

> Carcassone Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Germany / Deutschland / Almanya

> Berlin Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Hannover Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Greece / Ελλάς / Yunanistan

> …

Hungary / Magyarország / Macaristan

> Budapest Turkish War Cemetery

India / भारत / Hindistan

> Bellary Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Sumerpur Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Irak

> Baghdad Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Kut El Amara Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Iran

> Salmas Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Isle of Man

> Isle of Man Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Israel

> Military Cemetery Be’er Sehva
> Gaza War Cemetery
> Jerusalem War Cemetery
> Ramleh War Cemetery
> Tul Karm War Cemetery

Japan / 日本 / Japonya

> Kushimoto Memorial and Museum

Malta

> Turkish Military Cemetery (Marsa)

Myanmar / မြန်မာ / Myanmar

> Meiktila War Cemetery
> Thayet War Cemetery

Northern Cyprus / Βόρειας Κύπρος / Kuzey Kıbrıs

* Please note that the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is recognized as an independent country only by Turkey.

> Boğaziçi Resistance and Martyrs’ Monument (Agios Sergios)
> Cyprus Turkish Air Force Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Geçitkale Martyrs’ Monument (Lefkoniko)
> Karaoğlanoğlu Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery
> Lefkoşa Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery (Nicosia)
> Muratağa Sandallar Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery (Maratha & Santalaris)
> Tekke Bahçesi Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

Poland

> Kraków Rakowicki Cemetery (Symbolic Mass Grave Turkish Soldiers)

Romania

> Braila German War Graves
> Ghencea Military Cemetery (Bucharest)
> Slobozia Turkish Cemetery

Sweden

> Haparanda War Cemetery(?)

United Kingdom

> Gosport Turkish Naval Cemetery
> Isle of Man Turkish Martyrs’ Cemetery

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