България (Balgariya) / Bulgaristan
The conquest by the Ottomans of the smaller kingdoms emerging from the disintegrating Second Bulgarian Empire in the late 14th century started the nearly 500 years of Ottoman history in Bulgaria. As a result of the Russo-Turkish War, the Principality of Bulgaria was created. In 1885 the autonomous province of Eastern Rumelia came under the control of the Bulgarian Tsar. Bulgaria declared independence in 1908.