Istanbul is the most populous city in Turkey and the country’s economic, cultural and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia.

Founded under the name of Byzantion on the current Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BCE, the city grew in size and influence, becoming one of the most important cities in history. After its reestablishment as Constantinople in 330 CE, it served as an imperial capital for almost 16 centuries, during the Roman (330 – 1204), Latin (1204 – 1261), Palaiologos Byzantine (1261 – 1453) and Ottoman (1453 – 1922) empires. It was instrumental in the advancement of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times, before the Ottomans conquered the city in 1453 CE and transformed it into an Islamic stronghold and the seat of the Ottoman Caliphate. The Ottomans renamed to city to Konstantiniye and occasionally Istanbul or Islambol. The city’s name was changed to Istanbul after the Turkish War of Independence.

Sights of interest

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