Şəhidlər Xiyabanı / Şehitler Hiyabanı
The Martyrs’ Lane is a cemetery and memorial in Baku dedicated to those killed by the Soviet Army during Black January 1990 and in the Nagorno-Karabakh War of 1988-1994.
At the end of World War I, fighting broke out in Baku as result of the Russian Civil War, with Bolsheviks, Mensheviks, Armenians and Azerbaijanis fighting each other for control of the area when the Russian Empire collapsed. Even the British send a small force to prevent Baku falling into the hands of the Russians. The cemetery served as Muslim cemetery for victims of the March Events of 1918. It got completely destroyed and the corpses removed after the Bolsheviks came to power, who created an amusement park on the site and installed a statue of Sergei Kirov, the prominent Bolshevik leader. It was reinstated as a burial site after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The first buried at the memorial were those who had died during the Black January events of 1990 when Soviet forces invaded Baku. Also buried at the memorial are those who died in the Nagorno-Karabakh War.
The Martyrs’ Lane has several memorials. The Eternal Flame Memorial is frequently visited by presidents and other dignitaries. Martyrs’ Lane is also home to Turkish Martyrs’ Memorial, a large memorial to the 1,130 Turkish troops who were killed hile fighting Bolshevik and Armenian forces during the Battle of Baku in 1918. Next to the memorial there is a martyrs mosque, also built by Turks. Near the Turkish memorial, there is a small wall acknowledging the British soldiers killed during the same conflict.